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When your knees are in pain, surgery is probably not the first treatment that comes to mind. Often, knee pain can be treated with rest, medication, exercise and other conservative methods. However, many cases of knee pain are too severe for conservative treatments, which means surgery may be necessary.

At the Florida Spine and Joint Institute, our team is experienced in many types of knee surgery. Below is a look at some of the more frequently performed types of knee surgery.

Common types of knee surgery

  • Arthroscopy — Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive form of surgery that uses small surgical instruments and a camera that fit through tiny incisions. This can be used to explore the causes of knee pain or to repair minor damage to the soft tissue and cartilage.
  • Meniscus repair — The menisci are C-shaped pieces of cartilage between the shin and thigh bones on each side of the knee. These discs can be torn in a traumatic injury, in which case, surgery may be necessary to repair them.
  • Lateral release — The kneecap moves along a track on the front of your knee. If there is too much tension on the outside of your knee, your kneecap may gravitate out of place. This is painful and limits your range of motion. Lateral release surgery can reduce the tension on the outside of the knee that pulls the kneecap out of place.
  • ACL reconstruction — A traumatic injury can cause the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) to tear, which creates instability in the knee. People who still need to use their knee for physical activities may need ACL reconstruction surgery to replace the damaged ligament with new tissue from a donor or another part of your body.
  • Partial knee replacement — Arthritis can cause the cartilage in a small portion of your knee to wear down. When this gets severe, surgeons may remove the damaged portion of the knee and replace it with an artificial part.
  • Total knee replacement — Arthritis and severe fractures in the knee may damage the cartilage or bones in the knee beyond your natural healing ability. In these cases, the surgeon may remove the entire knee joint and replace it with an artificial joint. 

Visit the Florida Spine and Joint Institute for knee surgery

At the Florida Spine and Joint Institute, our surgeons specialize in many types of knee surgery. If your knee is in pain or if you have a limited range of motion, we can help. Our surgeons can examine your knee and determine if surgery can help and what kind of operation will be best for you. Contact our team today for more information about knee surgery or to schedule an initial appointment.