Spinal stenosis is essentially the narrowing of the spinal column. When this happens in your neck (the cervical spine), it can put pressure on the nerves in the spinal column. You can visit a medical professional for treatment when this happens. In many cases, cervical laminectomy is the best treatment.
What is cervical laminectomy?
Surrounding each vertebra in your spine are two laminae. These act as a roof over the nerves in your spine, which protect them from pressure and damage. When spinal stenosis causes the spinal column to grow narrow, the lamina itself begins to put pressure on the nerve. When this happens in your neck, surgeons can perform cervical laminectomy to remove the lamina from the spine.
During the procedure, the surgeon will make a small incision in the middle of the neck and will gently go through the muscles to access the spinal column. Then the surgeon will make an incision at the base of the lamina to remove it. Surgeons frequently perform spinal fusion surgery following a laminectomy to provide support for the affected vertebrae if they need it.
Who needs cervical laminectomy?
Cervical laminectomy may be necessary if spinal stenosis is putting painful pressure on the nerves in your cervical spine. Usually, medical professionals will try to treat this pain with conservative methods first. However, if these are ineffective, then cervical laminectomy may be your best option.
Conditions that cause spinal stenosis include:
- Degenerative disc disease (DDD)
- Herniated discs
- Traumatic injury
- Spine defect
- Paget’s bone disease
Is cervical laminectomy safe?
Cervical laminectomy, as with any surgery, comes with potential risks. Our surgeons at Florida Spine and Joint make every effort to minimize complications during the operations we perform.
Although complications are rare, they can possibly include:
- Loss of spinal fluid
- Loss of blood
- Blood clots
- Nerve damage
- Allergic reaction